A popular fruit with a unique aroma
Passiflora edulis, also known as passion fruit, is a plant species from the passion flower family. It originates from South America and is now cultivated worldwide in tropical and subtropical regions. The passion fruit is a perennial climbing plant that can reach a height of up to ten metres. It has large, green leaves and beautiful white to purple flowers. The fruits of Passiflora edulis are oval to round and have a smooth, leathery skin. They can grow up to eight centimetres long and contain numerous small seeds in a yellowish-orange flesh. Passion fruit is popular not only for its exotic appearance, but also for its unique flavour and many health benefits. The flesh is rich in antioxidants, vitamins and minerals, especially vitamin C and potassium. It is often used to make juice, ice cream, jam and other sweets.
Passiflora edulis and its preferred habitats
Passiflora edulis needs a specific location to thrive optimally. It prefers a subtropical or tropical climate and grows best in full sun. However, it can also be grown in partially shaded areas as long as it receives enough sunlight. The soil should be nutrient-rich and well-drained to ensure adequate drainage and avoid water pooling around the roots. A pH value of 6.0 to 7.0 is ideal. Passiflora edulis does not tolerate heavy, clayey soils or excessive moisture. In regions with cold climates, the passion fruit can also be grown indoors or in greenhouses. However, it is important to ensure that it receives sufficient warmth and sunlight. Overall, Passiflora edulis is a relatively low-maintenance plant, but it has certain requirements for its location in order to thrive optimally and provide an abundant harvest.
The following should also be taken into account with the passion fruit.
Passion fruit needs regular watering, especially during the growing season. The soil should be kept evenly moist, but no waterlogging should occur. In the dry season, additional watering may be necessary. Likewise, Passiflora edulis needs a regular application of fertiliser to ensure healthy plant development and an abundant harvest. It is recommended to apply a balanced fertiliser to the soil every 4-6 weeks. Passiflora edulis needs occasional pruning to control growth and improve the harvest. This is best done in spring or autumn to encourage the growth of new shoots. Passion fruit can be harvested after 18-24 months, when the fruits are ripe and fully mature. They can be harvested as soon as they fall to the ground or when they are soft and dark purple.